Black History Month

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    September

SWAT Created

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - Special Weapons Assault Teams (SWAT) was created. It was formed as a reaction to the uprising of black people, the previous month. This ultra-violent police squad became Special Response Teams (SRT).

SWAT used military tactics to attack and contain black people. This included men, women, children, the elderly, and the disabled. It protected local white businesses and their property.

Daughters of the Confederacy Formed

Nashville, Tennessee - The Daughters of the Confederacy was founded. The two founders were Caroline Meriwether Goodlett and Anna Davenport Raines. Both supported enslavement of black people.

The group created monuments and memorials to those who fought to defend slavery.

World Trade Center Attacked (9/11)

New York, New York - Hundreds of black people were killed in terrorist attacks, in one day. They died at the World Trade Center. Many more were injured.

At 8:46 a.m., there was an explosion at the northern facade, of the North Tower, of the World Trade Center.

At 9:03 a.m., there was an explosion at the southern facade, of the South Tower, of the World Trade Center.

At 9:59 a.m., the South Tower collapsed.

At 10:28 a.m., the North Tower collapsed.

The Marriott World Trade Center was destroyed after both towers collapsed on it. It was 22 stories tall, with 825 rooms.

At 5:20:52 p.m., 7 World Trade Center collapsed. It was a 47-story building.

Birmingham Church Bombing

Birmingham, Alabama - Four white males killed four (4) black girls in church. A bomb was placed at the 16th Street Baptist Church. More than a dozen people were injured. The only deaths were the children.

The bombers were members of the Ku Klux Klan. They were Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr., Herman Frank Cash, Robert Edward Chambliss, and Bobby Frank Cherry.

On Sunday morning, the four (4) planted 15 sticks of dynamite at the church. The sticks were placed under the church steps, with a time delay. This was near the church basement.

About 10:22 a.m., there were five (5) children in the basement bathroom. They wore their best Sunday clothes. They changed into choir robes for the Sunday sermon.

The phone rang. The acting Sunday School secretary answered. She was Carolyn Maull, a 14-year-old girl. She heard the words, 'Three minutes.'

Less than a minute later, the bomb exploded. It threw the girls' bodies through the air like rag dolls. The explosion blew a 7-foot hole in the rear wall. A passing driver was blown out of his car. Several parked cars next to the church were destroyed.

Four of the girls were killed. The fifth was the sister of Addie Mae Collins. Her name was Susan. She was permanently blinded by the blast.

In 1977, Robert Chambliss was convicted for one of the murders. He was sent to jail for the murder of 11-year-old Carol Denise McNair.

In 2001, Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. was convicted of all four (4) murders. He got life in prison.

In 2002, Bobby Cherry was convicted of all four (4) murders. He got life in prison.

Herman Cash died in 1994. He was never tried.

Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

Washington, D. C. - The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 became law. It was signed by President Millard Fillmore. It was part of the Compromise of 1850.

This Act gave more power to slave catchers when black people fled across state lines. The Act opened a loophole. It became possible for a slave catcher to enslave 'free' black people. It began with a filed court complaint. If it satisfied the court, the 'free' black person was enslaved.

The Act of 1793 was more limited. Once a black person fled across state lines, a slave catcher had to bear the full cost. The slave catcher was only allowed to enter that state, to capture. There was no duty for anyone to help, in the other state.

The Act of 1850 gave more power to the slave catcher. They had the power to demand help. Court officers had to assist, if asked. Part of the cost, was paid out of the U. S. Treasury.

The slave catcher was able to file a criminal complaint against anyone who refused to help. Those who helped black people were open to criminal punishment. This included a financial penalty.

On June 28th, 1864, the Act was repealed.

The Spook Who Sat By The Door Premiered

New York, New York - 'The Spook Who Sat By The Door' movie was shown for the first time. It told the story of a black Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee.

The CIA used him to showcase racial inclusion. He was put in a useless job, that made the CIA look good. He had other ideas and quit. With his training, he helped black people wage a race war.

WGPR Goes On-Air

Detroit, Michigan - The first wholly-owned and operated black American television (TV) station began its first broadcast. This was a first in the United States. It was founded by William V. Banks. The station had no network affiliation so the station created its own programs.

Banks was an attorney. He founded The International Free and Accepted Modern Masons, Inc. and Order of Eastern Stars. The Masons sold WGPR 20 years later.

On September 20th, 1995, the deal was finalized. It left black Americans with no control of any TV station in Detroit. No black television has broadcast since, in Detroit.

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