Black History Month 2022

british

Chattel Slavery



British Virginia - The first enslaved Africans arrived in the British Colony of VIrigina in 1619.

Inoculation Brought to America



Boston, American Colonies - Onesimus brought smallpox inoculation to Boston. It saved dozens of lives. It was the first time inoculation was known to whites, in America.

Cotton Mather was a white slaveowner. He enslaved Onesimus. Mather feared smallpox and wanted some way to treat it. Onesimus offered inoculation as a cure. Mather tried it first on enslaved black people. When they did not get sick, Mather used it on his white family.

Thousands got sick from smallpox, in Boston. Hundreds died. Those who were inoculated only died at a 2% rate. That compared to a 10% rate for all others. People in Boston died 5 times as much as those inoculated.

For all the lives saved, neither Mather nor the whites in Boston gave Onesimus his freedom. Instead, Onesimus had to work many more years to buy his freedom from slavery.

Source:
Onesimus Inoculated Boston

Haiti Founded



Port-au-Prince, Haiti - The nation of Haiti began on this date. It was the only nation born from a successful slave revolt.

Haiti was the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean. It was the second republic in the Americas. It was the first nation to abolish slavery.

The Haitian Revolution took more than 12 years. 3 colonial armies were defeated (2 French and 1 British). (22 August 1791-January 1, 1804), in the fight.

This revolution led France to sell the Louisiana Territory, to the United States (1803). In Europe, it launched the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815).

War of 1812



United States - The United States lost the war to Britain.

Menu